Preventions of HIV/AIDS Transmission from Mother to Child in Pematangsiantar City, Indonesia

  •  Dame Evalina Simangunsong    
  •  Kandace Sianipar    
  •  Juliani Purba    


Prevention of the HIV/AIDS transmission from mother to child should be a focus of common concern, considering that this effort is an effective and broad-impact strategy in suppressing maternal and infant mortality and is an indicator of the degree of public health in a country. Community Health Center with the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) service in Pematangsiantar has not fully provided the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT). Therefore pregnant women still refuse to undergo HIV screening. In these circumstances, Pematangsiantar will potentially have an increase in the number of cases. In realizing the vision of health education institutions to integrate the promotion of HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) for pregnant women, this research has studied the perception of pregnant women in the prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission from mother to child. So that the appropriate intervention strategy in suppressing the spread of HIV/AIDS can be done. The research type is quasi-experiment with the population in this study was all pregnant mothers who refused to undergo HIV screening at the time of the ANC, 194 people. Data analysis is processed with T-Test and conducted to view differences in the behavior and perception of pregnant women's beliefs against the transmission of HIV/AIDS after the intervention. The result showed there is an increased difference in the value of behavioral indicators and the health confidence of pregnant women after home visits. It is advisable to approach strategies with personal counseling, peer-Education, and home visits in the nets of pregnant women with HIV.

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