Path Analysis on the Children’s Characteristics and Environmental on the Quality of Life of Children Aged 2-4 Years

  •  Heni P. Wahyuningsih    
  •  Bhisma Murti    
  •  Eny Lestari    
  •  Reviono Reviono    


OBJECTIVE: Quality of life is a person's self-perception of the enjoyment and satisfaction of life. Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is multidimensional, which is the individual's perception of the impact of a person's health. Data from US News shows the quality of life of Indonesia is ranked at 40 from the 80 countries in the survey. The quality of life of children can be influenced by factors such as foster patterns, immunization status, breast feeding, no smoking area, and safe water. This research aims to determine the influence of exclusive feeding, immunization, foster patterns, no smoking are, and safe water to the health status and quality of life of children.

METHOD: This research is a quantitative observational study with a research design of retrospective cohort studies. Population of this study is all toddlers aged 2-4 years old who reside in the village worthy of children (exposed groups) and ordinary villages (unexposed groups) in the region of Sleman regency. The large sample in this study was 350 respondents with multistage random sampling data retrieval techniques.

FINDINGS: The quality of life of the children was directly affected by health status (b=0.006; SE=0.054; p<0.001), foster pattern (b=0.079; SE=0.055; p<0.001), and safe water (b=0.004; SE=0.145; p<0.001). Health status was affected by exclusive breast feeding, foster pattern, and safe water. Foster pattern was affected by safe water (b=0.056).

CONCLUSION: The quality of life of the children is directly affected by health status, foster patterns, and safe water. The quality of life is indirectly affected by exclusive breast feeding.

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