Will the Conversion from Sanatorium Medical Facilities into New Facilities Progress in Japan?

  •  Yuka Mine    
  •  Masayuki Yokoi    
  •  Takao Tashiro    


In Japan, under the Long-Term Care Insurance Act of 2018, the Integrated Facility for Medical and Long-Term Care was established as a new long-term care insurance facility into which Sanatorium Medical Facilities could be converted, and this conversion has taken place gradually; in this study, we compared the management policies between existing Sanatorium Medical Facilities and Integrated Facilities. We also examined the management policies of Geriatric Health Services Facilities. For the management policies of individual facilities, published data on the “Long-Term Care Service Information Publication System” website were used; the study included 142 Integrated Facilities, 245 Sanatorium Medical Facilities, and 237 Geriatric Health Services Facilities. The percentage of facilities in each facility group that included specific keywords was compared. There were no significant differences in the percentage of facilities including “Return,” “Long-term,” “Management,” “Care,” and “Coordination” in their management policies between Sanatorium Medical Facilities and Integrated Facilities. Compared with Geriatric Health Services Facilities, Sanatorium Medical Facilities had a significantly lower rate of including “Return” and a significantly higher rate of including “Long-term,” “Management,” “Care,” and “Coordination.” As seen from the above, the management policies of Sanatorium Medical Facilities were similar to those of Integrated Facilities, rather than Geriatric Health Services Facilities. When Geriatric Health Services Facilities and Integrated Facilities were compared as candidates for conversion from Sanatorium Medical Facilities, it was suggested that the barrier to entry is lower for the Integrated Facilities than for Geriatric Health Services Facilities in terms of necessity of major change in management policies.

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