Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Incidence Among 42785 Adults: The Thai Cohort Study, 2005-2013

  •  Xiyu Feng    
  •  Matthew Kelly    
  •  Sam-ang Seubsman    
  •  Adrian Sleigh    


BACKGROUND: Due to economic and social development in Thailand, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVA) have been gradually replacing infectious diseases and have become the main threat to health in this country.

METHOD: This study used the 2005 baseline data of 42785 members of the Thai cohort study (TCS) to identify health risk factors correlated with incidence of CVD and/or CVA over 8 years (2005- 2013). We applied multivariate logistic regression to investigate associations between demographic and socioeconomic factors, health conditions, and personal lifestyle factors and CVD and/or CVA incidence.

RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of CVD and/or CVA in males was more than three times that in females. CVD and/or CVA incidence was correlated with ageing, obesity (AOR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.16-2.40) and previous diagnosis with diabetes (AOR: 3.09, 95% CI: 1.80-5.30), hyperlipidaemia (AOR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.08-2.19), hypertension (AOR: 1.71, 95% CI: 1.13-2.59), chronic kidney disease (AOR: 2.35, 95% CI: 1.35-4.10), and depression/anxiety (AOR: 2.76, 95% CI: 1.64-4.63). Short sleep time was positively associated with CVD and/or CVA in the Thai Cohort Study. An inverse association between performing housework and the incidence of CVD and/or CVA was also identified. However, current smoking had a significant positive correlation with the incidence of CVD and/or CVA for participants.

CONCLUSION: Older age, obesity, underlying diseases, short sleep time, and current smoking were the risk factors for CVD and/or CVA incidence for the participants. However, housework, as an incidental exercise, could protect people against the risk of CVD and/or CVA.

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