Association between Healthy Lifestyle and Management of Hypertension; A Descriptive Study undertaking Sudanese Adult

  •  Mutaz Ombada    
  •  Mulham Ombada    


Background: Hypertension (HTN) is recognized as a global healthcare challenge. It is considered as the leading mortality inducing factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal diseases, and retinopathy. Objective: The study aims to assess the hypertension prevalence among adults in Khartoum, Sudan. It also examined the potential risk factors that are associated with hypertension. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional research design using a quantitative approach. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 138 adults aged 16-75 years, from March-April 2015, in the Riyadh district of Khartoum, Sudan. Using simple random sampling, the study recruited the participants from ward number 5 of Riyadh municipality. Data were collected related to the socio-demographic factors and hypertension risk factors. Results: The findings showed a prevalence of 28 percent, whereas the majority of hypertension cases were reported for the age group from 45-60 years group (13.7%). The findings revealed a substantial impact of age, stress, social status, and diabetes on hypertension with a p-value of 0.001, 0.010, 0.001, and 0.50, respectively. Conclusions: It concludes that more research needs to be conducted for the analysis of the factors which can assist the detection of hypertension. It also stresses towards instigation of the awareness programs with effective preventive interventions.

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