The Effect of Accessibility on Performance of Maternal and Child Health Policy Implementation in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia
- Tat Florentianus
- Bait M. Maria
BACKGROUND: The fact shows that the performance of health service policy implementation from the output aspect (out put) and the outcome (out comes) policy has not been in line with expectations. This condition will also have a direct influence on the Human Development Index in East Nusa Tenggara Province, where the position of East Nusa Tenggara is still in the order of 32 out of 34 provinces in Indonesia, which ranges from 68.77. The main purpose of this study was to identify the health service accessibility in East Nusa Tenggara. Furthermore, this study also intended to find out the performance of policy implementation and was to identify the effect of accessibility of health sevices on the performance of policy implementation on mothers and children in East Nusa Tenggara.
SUBJECT & METHOD: This research is a quantitative study, conducted in 11 districts, 104 community healths services, and has 235 health workers as respondents in East Nusa Tenggara Province of Indonesia.
RESULT: The results of the study on conditions of accessibility and networking in maternal and child health services in East Nusa Tenggara Province are still lacking (mean 2.7), meaning that conditions of accessibility in East Nusa Tenggara Province do not support the implementation of MCH policies. The performance of MCH policy implementation in East Nusa Tenggara Province is in the 3.36 category, meaning that the targets of MCH services that have been made have not been maximally realized. There is a correlation between accessibility conditions and the performance of MCH policy implementation (p = 0.00), the correlation coefficient of 0.429 shows that this correlation is quite strong, although not very strong. This correlation shows a positive relationship which means that if the accessibility conditions are easier, it will improve the performance of MCH policy implementation. The effect of accessibility on policy performance has been carried out partial linear regression test (t test), found t count = 19.0115 > t table 1.97 means that there is a significant influence on the condition of accessibility to the performance of MCH policies in East Nusa Tenggara Province.
CONCLUSION: Accessibility to health services in East Nusa Tenggara Province is still lacking, the policy implementation performance is good and there is a significant and positive influence between service accessibility and policy implementation performance.
RECOMENDATION: The government is expected to be more serious in efforts to open the accessibility of health services and set more realistic targets that could be achieved.
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