Implementing a Two-Tiered Model of Optometry Training in Mozambique as an Eye Health Development Strategy
- Diane van Staden
- James Loughman
- Kovin Naidoo
BACKGROUND: The global burden of vision impairment has been acknowledged by the World Health Organisation as a public health challenge. In order to scale up the production of eye health personnel in developing countries, a tiered model of optometry training was explored in Mozambique.
OBJECTIVES: The Mozambique case study was evaluated to assess the feasibility of a tiered model of optometry training as a developmental eye health strategy.
METHODS: A qualitative, case study approach was used. Semi-structured key informant interviews were conducted and project documents were reviewed in the data collection phase. Data underwent a process of content analysis, using a constant comparative approach across sources, and was analysed thematically using inductive reasoning.
RESULTS: Three key themes which emerged were Rationale for a training model, Implementation considerations and Development practice considerations. Results demonstrated that while tiered models of training may have developmental rationale, awareness of the profession and its place in addressing health needs, intensive consultation with local stakeholders and a thorough situational analysis are required for this strategy to be feasible.
CONCLUSIONS: A tiered model of training appears to have theoretical basis as a developmental eye health strategy. However, local applicability and legislative alignment is required in order for these training initiatives to be sustainably implemented.
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