Mechanistic Study of the Wettability Modification in Carbonate and Sandstone Reservoirs during Water/Low Salinity Water Flooding

  •  Zohreh Jalili    
  •  Vahid Tabrizy    


The paper pertains to the analysis of the chemical interaction between sea water ions, asphaltene colloids and silicate /calcite mineral as a substrate during water/low salinity water flooding. The work tackles modeling of salinity dependent relative permeability and capillary pressure functions from contact angle to estimate oil recovery during water/low salinity water. The paper has two main parts. In the first part, static contact angle is calculated based on disjoining pressure and compared to the experimental values, reported in the literature. In the second part, the model is used to demonstrate that water film is more stable in presence of low salinity water compared to distilled water and sea water, for carbonate and silicate minerals. Increasing temperature enhances the stability of the water film around the substrate for both types of minerals. This could be future interpreted as an indication for extra oil recovery applying low salinity water injection at elevated temperature. It is interesting to observe from the model that, increasing the Mg2+ ion concentration enhances the hydrophilicity characteristics for calcite mineral modified by asphaltene while for silicate surface modified by asphaltene, SO42- ion enhances the hydrophobicity behaviour.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-0569
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-0577
  • Started: 2011
  • Frequency: semiannual

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Google-based Impact Factor (2018): 13.22

h-index (January 2018): 12

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h5-median(January 2018):14