The Effect of Human Papillomavirus E6 Oncogene on the Radiosensitivity of Non-Oropharyngeal Cancer Cells

Angela Hong, Xiaoying Zhang, Xiao Mei Zhang, Barbara Rose

Abstract


Background:

We have previously shown that stable transfection of the human papillomavirus (HPV) E6*I oncogene can sensitize two HPV negative oropharyngeal cancer (OSCC) cell lines to radiation. In the current study, we extended our work on OSCC to determine whether the HPV E6 oncogene can enhance the radiosensitivity of non-OSCC cell lines.

Methods:

Three non-OSCC cell lines (melanoma, colorectal adenocarcinoma and large cell lung cancer) were stably transfection with the HPV E6 oncogene (E6 total, E6*I and E6*II) and treated with different doses of radiation. Clonogenic assays were used to measure the radiation survival.

Results:

Following transfection, there was a reduction in the survival of the melanoma cell line after 2 Gy (SF2) from 0.401 (untransfected) to 0.219 (Melanoma-E6 total). This reduction was not evident at higher doses of radiation. There was no significant change in the SF2 of melanoma-E6*I (0.303) and melanoma-E6*II (0.414). The SF2 colorectal adenocarcinoma and large cell lung cancer cell lines did not change significantly after transfection.

Conclusions:

The radiosensitizing effect of HPV E6 oncogene is cell line specific. We found no clear evidence of a radiosensitising effect of E6 in these three non-OSCC cancer cell lines.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/cco.v6n2p7

Copyright (c) 2017 Angela Hong, Xiaoying Zhang, Xiao Mei Zhang, Barbara Rose

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Cancer and Clinical Oncology   ISSN 1927-4858(Print)   ISSN 1927-4866(Online)   Email: cco@ccsenet.org

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