Synthesis of LaMnO3 Nanofibers via Electrospinning

Jinxian Wang, Xiaoqiu Zheng, Xiangting Dong, Zhen Qu, Guixia Liu, Ran Xue, Yudong Hao


Polyvinyl alcohol(PVA)/[La(NO3)3+Mn(CH3COO)2] composite nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning, and
polycrystalline LaMnO3 nanofibers were prepared by calcination of the PVA/[La(NO3)3+Mn(CH3COO)2] composite
nanofibers at 600ºC for 10h. The samples were characterized by using thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis
(TG-DTA), X-ray diffraction spectrometry(XRD), scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and Fourier transform infrared
spectrometry(FTIR). The results show that PVA/[La(NO3)3+Mn(CH3COO)2] composite nanofibers are amorphous in
structure, and pure phase LaMnO3 nanofibers are orthorhombic with space group Pbnm. The surface of as-prepared
composite nanofibers is smooth, and the diameter is about 150nm. The diameter of LaMnO3 nanofibers is smaller than
that of the relevant composite fibers. The surface of the LaMnO3 nanofibers becomes coarse with the increase of
calcination temperatures. The diameter of LaMnO3 nanofibers is ca. 100nm, and the length is greater than 100????m. The
mass of the sample remains constant when the temperature is above 450ºC, and the total mass loss percentage is 94.6%.
Possible formation mechanism of LaMnO3 nanofibers is preliminarily proposed.

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Applied Physics Research   ISSN 1916-9639 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9647 (Online)   Email:

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