The Hydrogen Atomic Model Based on the Electromagnetic Standing Waves and the Periodic Classification of the Elements

Giuseppe Bellotti


By means of a new concept of the Hydrogen atomic structure [where the electron of the Hydrogen is considered not as a non-dimensional object revolving around the atomic nucleus in a field of central forces, but as a three-dimensional electromagnetic spherical standing wave concentrically superimposed on the electromagnetic standing wave of the proton] we can obtain a new periodic classification of the elements. Up till now, chemistry has considered atoms to be made up of sub-shells with 2, 6, 10, 14 electrons and currently, the great number of electrons (14) in sub-shells f creates some problems in the formation of the sixth and seventh periods. Instead in this paper we will only consider sub-shells with 2, 6, 10 electrons, to achieve a better ordering of the heavy metals. Hence, Ni, Pd, and Yb have been drawn up in columns in the new periodic classification of elements, and Ytterbium could be proposed as a testing material in the cold fusion experiments. Moreover many new theoretical (albeit unsteady) electromagnetic wave-lengths of Hydrogen Spectrum appear.

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Applied Physics Research   ISSN 1916-9639 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9647 (Online)   Email:

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