Multiculturalism in the Local Wisdom of Bajo Tribe

La Ode Ali Basri


This research reveals multiculturalism contained in the oral tradition of the Bajo tribe. The results showed that multiculturalism in Bajo tradition is as follows; 1) ethical philosophy of the Bajosnamely tahangdiri (self-control) and ngatonang diri (self-awareness). Tahang diri is the ethical concept of behaving of Bajo tribe that in their life, they must refrain from misbehavior. Ngatonang diri implies that every individual should be aware of all the weaknesses and the strengths they belong. Bajoprincipally are ordinary people who cannot survive without the helpfrom other people, the sea and the Ruler of the sea; 2) the tradition of pamali (taboos), for instance pamali making the neighbors annoy by throwing the clamshells into their boat and throwing the sand in their yard and pamali killing the animals such as pig, jonga (deer) and other land animals that descend into the sea; 3) the problem solving tradition of Bajo through the arbitration system in which if there is a conflict among the people, there should be third person (mediator) to take an action in solving the problem.

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Asian Culture and History   ISSN 1916-9655(Print)   ISSN 1916-9663 (Online)   Email:

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