The Role of Martabat Tujuh within the Society of the Sultanate Buton Wolio

La Nalefo

Abstract


Martabat Tujuh laws that guided the State's administration on the sultanate of Buton were born because of (1) the existence of tyranny in society by the noble families, (2) the sultanate of Buton has no state constitution as a guideline for administering the government, and (3) the existence of people's hope with sultan to restore the economic crisis caused by the drought during that time.

Martabat Tujuh laws in political life, society and religion contain the virtues of value, namely (1) ainda indamo arataa sumanomo karo implies that someone should prioritize the safety of self and family; (2) ainda indamo karo sumanomo lipu, implies that the interest of the state is more important than the personal interest, (3) ainda indamo lipu sumanomo sarah implies that the interest of the leader is more important than the interest of the state, (4) ainda indamo sarah sumanomo religion, implies that religion is more important than the government. In addition, it also gives direction to the people to feel the pain between each other (binci-binci kuli), love each other (pomama siaka), keep each other (popia piara), listen the truth (poangka angkataka), and give each other in deficiency (poma maeka).


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ach.v10n1p6

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