Firearms and the Decline of Violence in Europe: 1200-2010

Carlisle E. Moody

Abstract


Personal violence, has declined substantially in Europe from 1200-2010. The conventional wisdom is that the state’s monopoly on violence is the cause of this happy result. I find some evidence that does not support this hypothesis. I suggest an alternative hypothesis that could explain at least some of the reduction in violence, namely that the invention and proliferation of compact, concealable, ready-to-use firearms caused potential assailants to recalculate the probability of a successful assault and seek alternatives to violence. I use structural change models to test this hypothesis and find breakpoints consistent with the invention of certain firearms.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/res.v9n2p53

Copyright (c) 2017 Carlisle E. Moody

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Review of European Studies   ISSN 1918-7173 (Print)   ISSN 1918-7181 (Online)

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