Development of Environmentally Friendly Modified Fe-PAN Fibrous Catalyst and Its Application in Degradation of Dye

Jinna Wu, Juanzhi Zhao, Fang Du, Zhenbang Han

Abstract


Modified Fe-PAN fibrous catalyst (Fe-AO-PAN) was formulated at the room temperature by the reaction of amidoxime (AO) modified polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber (AO-PAN) with FeCl3, which was in turn used as an environmentally friendly heterogeneous photocatalyst in the oxidative degradation reaction of the standard target dye Rhodamine B in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. This paper investigated the influences of the iron ion concentration in solution (CFe) and reaction temperature to the iron ion content in Fe-AO-PAN catalyst (CFe-AO?PAN); studied the effects of CFe-AO?PAN, pH, intensity of light irradiation and etc. on the decoloration rate of the dye; and analyzed the oxidative degradation procedure of the dye by ultraviolet-visible light spectrum analysis. The results indicate that CFe-AO?PAN increases with the rise of CFe or reaction temperature; the decoloration rate of Rhodamine B increases with the rise of CFe-AO?PAN or radiation intensity, as well as the decrease of initial concentration of the dye; and Fe-AO-PAN shows higher catalytic activity in the solution of pH less than or equal to 6.0, however lower catalytic activity in a strongly basic medium. In addition, ultraviolet-visible light spectrum analysis proves that Fe-AO-PAN can effectively catalyze the break of azo bond and aromatic ring in the dye molecular, but can not be reutilized efficiently.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v2n3p214

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Journal of Sustainable Development   ISSN 1913-9063 (Print)   ISSN 1913-9071 (Online)

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