Nutrient and Anti-nutrient Profile of a Local Formula from Sorghum, Peanut, Honey and Ghee (Metu2) for Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition

Amegovu K. Andrew, Peter Yiga, Kuorwel K. Kuorwel, Timothy Chewere

Abstract


World over, we are still struggling with persistent acute malnutrition levels; an estimated 17 million preschool children suffer from SAM, roughly the same figures as reported in 2013, a trend depicting insufficient progress towards the 2025 World Health Assembly. One such affected area is Karamoja Region in North Eastern Uganda. Partly, the trend could be attributed to unsustainable interventions like RUTF. Formulas from locally available foods could provide not only an affordable but also a culturally acceptable and effective home based solution.   Locally available sorghum, peanut, honey and ghee in North Eastern Uganda, is such a potential local formula. The nutritional and anti-nutritional profile of this local formula(metu2) was compared to plumpy-nut. Standard official analytical methods were used. Proximate composition was comparable and within the WHO recommendations for therapeutic formulas. Local formula(metu2) had a comparatively high energy content, 528kcal/100g to 509kcal in plumpynut. Vitamin A and K contents were below the WHO recommendations in local formula while Na, Mg and essential fatty acids were comparable and within the contents needed for SAM recovery. Zn was comparatively higher in plumpy-nut but levels in both formulas were below the recommendations. Trypsin inhibitors, phytates and condensed tannins were higher in local formula while aflatoxins were within the limits but not for plumpynut. Though lacking in critical K, Zn and Vitamin A, local formula(metu2) was comparable to plumpy-nut and its efficacy to sustain recovery from SAM needs to be studied. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v7n2p25

Copyright (c) 2018 Amegovu K. Andrew, Peter Yiga, Kuorwel K. Kuorwel, Timothy Chewere

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0895 (Online)  E-mail: jfr@ccsenet.org

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