Detection of Peanut Allergen Traces with a Real Time PCR Assay - The Challenge to Protect Food-Allergic Consumers

Dimitra Houhoula, Stamatios Koussissis, Vladimiros Lougovois, John Tsaknis, Dimitra Kassavita, Spiridon Papatheodorou, Simen Akkermans, Jan Van Impe, Efstathia Tsakali

Abstract


The aim of the present study was the implementation of molecular techniques in the detection and quantification of allergic substances of peanut in various kinds of food products, e.g., breakfast cereals, chocolates and biscuits that are frequently related to allergies. In some cases, the presence of peanuts can be due to contamination during production and are not declared on the label. A total of 152 samples were collected from supermarkets and were analysed by a Real Time PCR method. The results indicated that 125 samples (83,3%) were found positive in peanut traces but the most important finding is that from the 84 samples that had no allergen declaration for peanuts, 48 (57,1%) of them were found positive. In conclusion, Real Time PCR can be a very important tool for the rapid detection and quantification of food allergens.


Keywords


food allergen declaration, food allergy, PCR, peanut, quantification

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jfr.v7n1p32

Copyright (c) 2017 Efstathia Tsakali

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0895 (Online)  E-mail: jfr@ccsenet.org

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