Hydroponic Minituber Production in Growth Room Conditions and Carry-Over Effects of the Technique on Produced Minitubers

Elina Virtanen, Jussi Tuomisto

Abstract


The production of minitubers was implemented with a hydroponic technique in growth rooms and the carry-over effects of the technique on the characteristics of minitubers were studied. As a comparison, minitubers from in vitro plantlets were grown in a peat-based growing medium. The results show that hydroponic production of minitubers is successful in indoor conditions with the cultivars Desiree, Van Gogh and Asterix, when day-time growing temperatures of 19.4 oC-26.0 oC and night-time temperatures of 17.5 oC-22.6 oC were used. Photosynthetically active illumination was adequate at 2383-2509 umol m-2s-1; lighting conditions consisted of 14/10-hour day/night cycles.

The cultivars Desiree and Van Gogh developed their first tuber three weeks faster than Asterix, and the minituber yield was 4.5 per plant for Desiree, 7.5 for Van Gogh and 4.0 for Asterix. When a peat-based growing medium was used, minituber yields were almost the same but the size of the minitubers was smaller than that of hydroponically produced minitubers. The results of the carry-over experiments showed that conventionally produced minitubers emerged faster, and in terms of foliage development and yielding capacity performed better than hydroponically produced minitubers.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n1p41

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