Fatty Acid Composition and Fat Stability of Raw Milk and Pasteurized Milk from Laoshan Goats

Cunfang Wang, Xinman Lou, Jianmin Wang

Abstract


In this study, the fatty acid profile and fat stability for seven consecutive days of raw milk and pasteurized milk from Laoshan goats have been evaluated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after fatty acid methyl ester. The results showed that the concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA) significantly increased by 47.36% and 11.68% after pasteurization respectively, while the concentrations of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) decreased by 26.08%, 26.45% and 22.15% respectively. The C10:0 (5.39%-8.57%), C12:0 (3.13%-5.28%), C14:0 (8.12%-11.87%), C16:0 (25.59%-28.53%), C18:0 (14.60-13.69%) and C18:1 (33.91-24.92%) are the most predominant fatty acids of Laoshan goat milk with significant differences. Moreover, the fat stabillity for seven consecutive days of raw milk and pasteurized milk was detected by sedimentation rate (R). The fat stability in pasteurized milk was more stable than that in raw milk, the sedimentation rate of raw milk and pasteurized milk consisted in a progressive decrease in the seven days by 82.99% and 79.77% respectively. What’s more, significant difference was observed from 1st day to 4th day between raw milk and pasteurized milk, however, there was no significance from 5th to 7th. This is the first report to fully characterize the fatty acid contents and fat stability of Laoshan goat raw milk and its pasteurized milk and it provided a certain theoretical basis for the research and development of goat milk functional product.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n6p149

Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Agricultural Science



Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

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