Plant Mutation Breeding with Heavy Ion Irradiation at IMP

Xicun Dong, Xia Yan, Wenjian Li

Abstract


The Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL) is one of the ion-beam acceleration facilities intensively used at IMP, founded as national laboratory and opened for user in world from 1992. Since then, a lot of experiments irradiated by heavy ion beam have been carried out in the HIRFL, including plant mutation breeding. In this review, the biological effects induced by heavy ions and their corresponding mechanisms were reported from the point of view of cytological, morphological and molecular levels. To date, a large number of mutants were isolated using heavy ion irradiation IMP, such as early maturity, flower color and shape, high yield and disease resistant. In conclusion, heavy ion beam irradiation is an efficient mutagen and has significant phenotypic variations in plant. Our research will be further focused on transformation of scientific and technological achievements and mutagenic mechanism of heavy ion beam on high plant at the molecular level in the recent future.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n5p34

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