Effects on Soil and Crop Properties of Forms of Sowing, Deferral Intervals and Fertilisation of the Annual Winter Forage in a Crop-Livestock Integration System

Milton da Veiga, Carla Maria Pandolfo, Alvadi Antonio Balbinot Junior, Leandro Durigon

Abstract


The use of cropland to grow annual winter forages that are managed using direct grazing can affect the quality of the soil and the yield of summer crops grown in succession. This study aimed to evaluate the effect that the form of sowing (direct sowing and sowing + harrowing), the deferral intervals (ungrazed and grazing stopped at 14 days and 28 days before and on the day of forage desiccation) and the fertilisation of the annual winter forage (with and without application of 8 m3 ha-1 of poultry litter) had on the chemical properties of soil, resistance to penetration, residual forage biomass, soil cover and yield of corn and soybean from the third to the sixth year of experimentation. The forms of sowing did not affect the chemical properties of the soil, resistance to penetration, the residual forage biomass and the yield of the soybean and corn grown in rotation. The grazing of annual winter forage did not affect the chemical properties of soil and the yield of soybean and corn grown in succession, but residual forage biomass was reduced and resistance to penetration was increased with decreasing deferral intervals. In turn, the fertilisation of winter forages improved the quality of the chemical properties of the soil and increased the residual forage biomass and crop yields in most of the four years examined in this experiment.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n5p15

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Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

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