Comparison of Antibacterial Activity of the Spent Substrate of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes

A. Zepeda-Bastida, D. Ojeda-Ramírez, S. Soto-Simental, N. Rivero-Perez, M. Ayala-Martínez

Abstract


Nowadays, the uncontrolled use of antibiotics has created the problem of bacterial resistance to them, what has motivated the search for new alternatives of drug for the treatment of bacterial diseases. Here, we compare antimicrobial activity of spent substrate of mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes, against Escherichia coli, Salmonella tiphymorium, Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus luteus. We designed two mixtures, barley straw to be used as a substrate of cultivation of mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus and oats or cedar for the cultivation of mushroom Lentinula edodes; and were obtained aqueous extracts from spent substrates; extracts were tested for antibacterial activity. The protocol was a completely randomized assay with a factorial arrangement design. The data were analyzed with PROC GLM, SAS. The results showed that in the case of Escherichia coli the greatest inhibition zone was of 12.66 mm at a concentration of 6 mg mL-1, with treatment of Lentinula edodes/Cedar; Salmonella tiphymorium showed a greatest inhibition zone of 31.10 mm to a concentration of 5.12 mg mL-1, with treatment of Pleurotus ostreatus/Barley straw; Staphylococcus aureus showed a greatest inhibition zone of 9.33 mm to a concentration of 100 mg mL-1, with the treatment of Lentinula edodes/Cedar and finaly, Micrococcus luteus showed a greatest inhibition zone of 15.00 mm to a concentration of 50 mg mL-1, with the treatment Lentinula edodes/Oats. In conclusion, the results suggest that it is possible to use indistinctly the spent substrate of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes as source of extracts with antibacterial activity.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v8n4p43

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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