Effect of Galangal (Alpinia galanga Linn.) Extract on the Growth Rate and Resistance to Vibrio harveyi and White Spot Diseases in Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Tidaporn Chaweepack, Chutima Khomvilai, Surachart Chaweepack, Kaeko Kamei

Abstract


The anti-microbial activity of galangal (Alpinia galanga Linn.) is well known. In this study, the feeding of galangal crude extract was investigated for its effect on preventing the infectious diseases Vibrio harveyi and white spot syndrome virus in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A commercial diet mixed with galangal ethanol extract was fed to shrimp for 1 or 2 months. In the first month of feeding, the growth rate of the galangal extract diet group was lowered compared with that of the control diet group, possibly because the shrimp required time to acclimatize to the galangal diet. After 2-months of feeding, the growth of the shrimp in terms of body weight, specific growth rate and survival rate of the galangal diet group did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) from that of the control diet group. The clearance ability was evaluated by counting the bacterial cells in the hemolymph of shrimp injected with V. harveyi in the abdomenal segment. The number of V. harveyi in the hemolymph of the galangal diet group was significantly lower than that in the control diet group (P < 0.05), indicating the higher clearance ability of the galangal diet group. The oral administration of galangal extract enhanced the resistance of Pacific white shrimp against V. harveyi and white spot syndrome diseases, as demonstrated by the significantly higher survival rate of the galangal diet group. These results suggested that galangal is useful as an alternative to chemotherapeutic treatment to solve the problems created by residual antibiotics in shrimp.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n9p117

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Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

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