Responsiveness of Soil Series in Southwestern Nigeria to Single Super Phosphate Fertilization

Mercy O. Anetor, John A. I. Omueti, Kolapo O. Oluwasemire

Abstract


Application of Single Super Phosphate (SSP) fertilizer in soils with inadequate phosphorus (P) should elicit crop response. However, there is an indication of inconsistent response behaviour to SSP fertilizer in some Nigeria soils despite their low available P. This study identified major soil types in Southwestern Nigeria that are unresponsive to P fertilizer application under screenhouse condition and soil properties that are related to this unresponsive behaviour were determined. Soils from twenty locations in Southwestern Nigeria were selected to evaluate their response to four phosphorus fertilizer rates with a control replicated three times in a factorial arrangement laid out in randomized complete block design. Results indicated that most of the locations responded to initial P application except for Fashola 2 which produced significantly higher maize shoot yield in control soils. There were five other locations where no-response was observed. Multiple regression analysis showed that phosphorus sorption index was related to sand, organic matter and clay. Phosphorus accumulation in soil P reserves may explain the behaviour of the P-unresponsive soils irrespective of their available P levels.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n1p78

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Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

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