Productivity and Nodulation Cowpea Inoculated in Function of Phosphorus and Potassium

Francisco Hélcio Canuto Amaral, Júlio César Azevedo Nóbrega, Raimundo Nonato Lopes Martins, Alessandro Franco Torres da Silva, Elaine Martins da Costa, Rafaela Simão Abrahão Nóbrega, José Ferreira Lustosa Filho, Larissa Castro Diógenes, Leandro Pereira Pacheco

Abstract


The cowpea represents one of the most important agricultural species of the brazilian Northeast, and proper management of mineral fertilizer that culture becomes essential to their production. The present work aimed to study the effect of the interaction between potassium and phosphorus in the presence of the inoculant INPA 03-11B in the culture of cowpea for Production Pole of Bom Jesus, Piaui, Brazil. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of the Federal University of Piaui, Campus of Bom Jesus, PI, about a Quartzarenic Neosol. The experimental design was a randomized block with four replications. The treatments consisted of four levels of potassium (0, 35, 70 and 105 kg K2O ha-1) and four levels of phosphorus (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg P2O5 ha-1). Nodule number, nodule dry and fresh biomass, shoot dry biomass and grain yields were evaluated. The potassium and phosphorus levels and their interaction affected nodulation and parameters indicators of production of cowpea. The interaction between the phosphorus and potassium levels favored the nodulation, shoot dry biomass and grain yield. The highest grain yield of cowpea was obtained with the fertilization of 67.73 kg of P2O5 ha-1 and 35 kg of K2O ha-1.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v5n11p86

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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