Precision nitrogen management using chlorophyll meter for Improving Growth, Productivity and N Use Efficiency of Rice in Subtropical Climate

Mainak Ghosh, Dillip Kumar Swain, Madan Kumar Jha, Virendra Kumar Tewari

Abstract


N management must be based on crop demand and supply capacity of the soil. A field experiment was conducted to analyze the effect of chlorophyll meter (SPAD meter) based N management on growth, productivity and agronomic N use efficiency of rice (cv. IR 36) in lateritic soil of India during the wet season of 2010 and 2011. The Experiment contained twelve N management treatments such as farmers’ fertilizer practice, one fixed time N management (FTNM), nine treatments of real time N management (RTNM), and one control. The RTNM is the combination of three SPAD threshold (SPAD: 34, 36 and 38) and three N levels (15, 25 and 35 kg ha-1) for top dressing when the SPAD value of rice leaf falls below the threshold. The grain yield of RTNM was in the range 93 to 105% as that of FTNM, but with lower N application rate. Among RTNM treatments, SPAD 36 with 35 and 25 kg N ha-1 top-dressing could save N fertilizer by 20 to 35% compared to FTNM without reducing grain yield. Agronomic N use efficiency can be increased at high yield level using SPAD meter based N management.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v5n2p253

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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