Influence of Rice Rotation Systems on Soil Nematode Trophic Groups in Arkansas

Martin Moluwa Matute, Merle Anders

Abstract


The effects of crop rotation sequences and combinations on soil nematode populations were investigated. Tillage versus non-tillage treatments were applied to crop rotation sequences dominated by flooded rice in a split plot design. The rotated crops were rice, soybean, and corn, including a fallow for a total of eight rotation treatments. All nematode feeding groups were recovered i.e bacterial feeding-, fungal feeding-, plant feeding-, carnivorous-, and omnivorous- nematodes. A total of 24 nematode genera in 20 families were identified and categorized into their respective trophic groups and colonizer persister (cp) values. All rotations that included soybean significantly (P<0.05) or numerically increased soil nematode populations, irrespective of trophic groups, while all rotations that included rice and corn, had a nematode reductive effect. No-tillage plots recorded significantly higher populations of the predatory nematodes. The effectiveness of a rotation sequence depends primarily on the crop species and secondarily on soil conditions e.g anaerobic.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n2p11

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Journal of Agricultural Science ISSN 1916-9752 (Print) ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)

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