The Effects of Various Modes of School Formality Culture and Student Learning Style with Secondary School Students Academic’s Achievements

Azizi Yahaya, Noordin Yahaya, Jamaludin Ramli, Shahrin Hashim, Zurihanmi Zakariya

Abstract


The main purpose of this research is to identify the effects of various modes of formal school culture and student’s learning styles with academic achievement.  The sample consists of 234 students from five secondary schools in Pontian, Johor.  The sampling has been done using the cluster on cluster random sampling method.  The pilot study was done in order to determine the reliability and suitability of the questionnaires.  Meanwhile Cronbach Alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaires.  The reliability value of Cronbach Alpha for the whole set of questionnaires used was 0.953.  The questionnaire for formal school culture was adapted and modified from climate or culture in formal school form constructed by Curriculum Development Centre (1988).  The questionnaire for student’s learning styles was adapted and modified from  Barbe Modality Index questionnaire that was created by Barbe (1985).  Descriptive statistics sush as frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the dominant aspects of formal school culture and student’s learning styles and to analyse student’s academic achievement.  The inferential statistics such as Pearson correlations were used at significant level 0.05 to analyze the relationship between formal school culture and student’s learning styles with academic achievement.  In addition, t-test was used to analyze the difference between formal school culture and student’s learning styles toward school location.  The findings shows that the dominant aspect of formal school culture was social and the dominant aspect of students’ learning style was visual. Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was significant relationship between formal school cultures with academic achievement.  Moreover, there was significant relationship between student’s learning style with academic achievement.  Therefore, suggestions were made in this study.  The study suggested that teacher and student should identify formal school culture and student’s learning styles, so that, student can increase their academic performance.     

(Keywords: formal school culture,  student’s learning styles, academic achievement)


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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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