Receptivity to Pro-Tobacco Media and Cigarette Smoking among Vocational High School Students in China

XinGuang Chen, Jie Gong, Han Zao Li, Dunjin Zhou, Yaqiong Yan

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to assess the association of receptivity to pro-smoking media and cigarette
smoking among adolescents in China and updating data on smoking prevalence and typology. Data were
collected from a random sample (n=553) of vocational high school students in Wuhan, China, with a response
rate of 99%. Media receptivity was assessed using the Adolescent Tobacco Media Receptivity Scale (ATMRS,
score range of 1-4). Smoking typology including habitual smokers and chippers, and smoking prevalence in one
day, two days, one week, one month, two months, six months and one year were assessed. Reported smoking
was verified using exhaled carbon monoxide. It was found that the initiation rates of smoking were 71.3% for
boys and 27.4% for girls with 45% of the boys and 6.3% of the girls smoking in the past 30 days. Of the smokers,
40.7% were self-stoppers and 29.6% were chippers. The mean ATMRS score was 2.45 (SD=0.83) with boys
scoring higher than girls. ATMRS scores were significantly associated with initiation and after-initiation
smoking assessed at various durations. Findings of this study imply that Chinese youth are highly receptive to
pro-tobacco media. Social marketing against tobacco advertising should be adopted as an important strategy for
tobacco control in China. In addition, the period of 30-day appears to be an optimal choice to assess cigarette
smoking as conventionally used in past research.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v6n1p7

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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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