Foreign Capital Flows and Growth of the Nigeria Economy: An Empirical Review

Michael Chidiebere Ekwe, Oliver Ikechukwu Inyiama

Abstract


The volume of investment capital flows between foreign nationals and developing nations has necessitated that a study be conducted to assess the impact of this foreign capital flows on the economic growth of these developing nations. This paper therefore aims at empirically determining the extent to which foreign capital flows have impacted on the growth performance of the Nigeria economy from 1982–2012. Data were drawn from the publications of the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics (NBS), the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the World Bank report. The multiple regression analysis method was adopted for the test of the hypotheses. The SPSS statistical software (version 17.0) was used for the data analysis. From the results of the analysis, it was discovered that Foreign Capital Inflows had a positive and significant effect on economic growth as proxied by the GDP, which is an indication that foreign capital inflows exerted considerable influence as a key fiscal policy instrument of economic growth over the stated period. Also the Foreign Capital Outflow in the same vein had a positive and significant effect on the GDP, which is another indication that it exerted considerable influence as a key fiscal policy instrument of economic growth over the stated period. Furthermore, the Openness of the economy, which was another explanatory variables used to ascertain the growth performance of the economy, had a positive and significant effect on the GDP. On the other hand, the Human Capital Development had a negative and insignificant effect on the GDP. The implication is that it did not exert much influence on economic growth over the stated period. Finally, the inflation rate had a positive sign with GDP. It was however; statistically insignificant which points to the severity of the inflationary pressure brought to bear on the economy over the stated period. The paper concludes that policy on foreign capital flows should be vigorously pursued and enhanced to provide a buffer to the nations dwindling internally generated revenue (IGR) amidst astronomically growing population.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v6n4p103

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Journal of Economics and Finance  ISSN  1916-971X (Print) ISSN  1916-9728 (Online)

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