Development and Optimization of a Glucose Biosensor Based on Tris [5-amino-1,10-Phenanthroline]Iron(II) Polymer Films

Kenneth L. Brown, Kyle A. Cushman

Abstract


A bilayered glucose biosensor consisting of tris[5-amino-1, 10-phenanthroline]iron(II) polymer film redox mediator and a glucose oxidase layer was prepared on glassy carbon surfaces. The polymer film of the iron complex was immobilized onto the electrode using cyclic voltammetry via electropolymerization reactions, while the enzyme layer was formed using a BSA and glutaraldehyde crosslinking reaction. The biosensors gave the largest response in the pH range of 7-8 and were evaluated with respect to storage conditions of room temperature and 4oC. There was no significant difference between the detection of glucose using the biosensor stored at room temperature versus one stored at 4°C and both bilayered films remained active for 20 days. The detection limit of the biosensors was found to be 0.30 mM which corresponds to a signal to noise ratio of 3:1.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijc.v10n2p16

 

International Journal of Chemistry   ISSN 1916-9698 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9701 (Online)

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