Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Intervention for Malaria Control in Rural Areas in China

Gorgui Diouf, Yihua Xu, Patrick N. Kpanyen, Li Cai, Xiumin Gan, Shaofa Nie

Abstract


Malaria can be prevented at the individual level by taking personal protections. However, effective preventive
action is a result of public health programs that adequately teach preventive measures to the population. This
study was carried out in 2007 to evaluate the knowledge on malaria control and prevention and to evaluate the
effects of intervention for malaria control in rural community in China. An interventional study followed approximately 1971 randomly selected respondents over a period of four
months. According to the level of endemicity of the areas, this particular study was carried out in a rural
community. Two surveys were performed for the study in point. Demographic and socioeconomic variables
were used as predictor variables in logistic regression analysis.
Different patterns of malaria behavior were found in the closely situated households and at the school level.
Gender, age, length of residence time in the areas, and health seeking behaviors was found to be statistically
significant predictors of health behaviors (P <0.001). The likelihood between male and female to admit that
malaria is a threat for human health was 96.3% and 97.1% respectively, (Odds Ratio = 0.782; 95% Confidence
Interval 0.458, 1.335; P-value = 0.368). The use of mosquito nets was approximately evenly split between
genders (OR = 0.813; 95% C.I.: 0.645, 1.025; P = 0.080).
Public health campaigns through iterative actions should be maintained in the region to strengthen the awareness
of the population for malaria prevention and control.

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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