Translation and Validation of the Farage Quality of Life (FQoL™) Instrument for Consumer Products into Traditional Chinese

Miranda A. Farage, Cindy Rodenberg, Jasmine Chen

Abstract


The Farage Quality of Life™ questionnaire (FQoL™) was developed specifically to assess the impact of consumer products. The objective of this investigation was to achieve a Chinese language instrument. The FQoL™ underwent a forward and backward translation, with cognitive testing by 13 subjects. Slight modifications were made to the instrument, and an implementation study was conducted with 800 participants having a mean (±SD) age of 34.22 (±9.28) years. The subjects were randomly assigned to use 1 of 4 ultra absorbency pad products for the length of one menstrual cycle. Three pads (coded N, S and C) were products currently available on the retail market, a fourth (coded M) was an experimental product improvement on Product N. Subjects were asked to complete the FQoL™ once before (T1) and once after (T2) the start of their period, and the Least Square (LS) Means were determined. Within group comparisons for each item and FQoL™ subscale were conducted by comparing the LS Means for T1 vs. T2. Participants using Product N showed the highest number of significant (p<0.05) changes (11 items), demonstrating these subjects felt worse about items mainly in the subdomains for Emotions, Personal Pleasure, and Physical State. Participants using Product C showed significant changes in 7 items mainly in the subdomains for Emotion and Physical State. Participants using Product S and the experimental Product M showed significant changes in only 4 and 3 individual items, respectively. These were not associated with any particular domain or subdomain. Between group comparisons were conducted by comparing the LS Means for the T2 responses for each group. The group using Product N had LS Mean responses that were significantly worse than the group using Product M for the Emotion, Personal Pleasure and Physical State subdomains, the Energy/Vitality domain, and 2 individual items. The Product S group was worse than the Product M group for 2 individual items. The Product C group was worse than the Product M group for the Personal Pleasure and Physical State subdomains and 5 individual items. We found that the Chinese language FQoL™ detected changes in HRQoL during menstruation compared with before menstruation. Further, the measure was able to detect differences among groups of subjects using different menstrual protection products.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n1p1

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Global Journal of Health Science   ISSN 1916-9736(Print)   ISSN 1916-9744(Online)

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