The Effects of the 3-2-1 Reading Strategy on EFL Reading Comprehension

Hashem Alsamadani

Abstract


This quasi-experimental study tested the effect of the 3-2-1 strategy on English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ reading comprehension. A sample of Saudi EFL college-level students were randomly selected and divided into two groups: an experimental group (42 students) and a control group (43 students). Students of both groups took a reading comprehension test at the beginning of the 2010 academic year. The researcher used the 3-2-1 strategy when teaching the experimental group for six weeks whereas the students in the control group were not trained on the strategy. Students were matched according to their reading proficiency, taught by the same teacher (the researcher), and were similar in age. After six weeks of instruction, both groups completed the same reading comprehension test again. Measures of the means, standard deviations, and ANCOVA were used to determine the differences between the two groups. The study revealed that at the end of the six-week instruction, there was a significant statistical difference in reading comprehension between the two groups that favored the experimental group. The study concludes with recommendations for training EFL students and teachers on using different comprehension strategies, especially those that have proven to be effective in boosting reading comprehension such as the 3-2-1 strategy.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/elt.v4n3p184

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

English Language Teaching       ISSN 1916-4742 (Print)   ISSN  1916-4750 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.