A Predictive Framework of Speed Camera Locations for Road Safety
- Asmae Rhanizar
- Zineb El Akkaoui
AbstractRoad traffic crashes are a public health issue due to their terrible impact on individuals, communities, and countries. Studies affirmed that vehicle speed is a major contributor to crash likelihood and severity. At the same time, they identified Automated Speed Enforcement (ASE) systems, namely speed cameras, as a highly effective measure to reduce excessive and inappropriate speed, and thus improving road safety. However, identifying optimum sites for fixed speed camera placement stays an open issue in the literature, although it is a key factor that guarantees the efficiency of such ASE systems. This paper describes a predictive framework of speed camera locations using a classification algorithm that can predict, for each section of a given road network, its pertinence as a speed camera location. First, we identify a set of features as predictors of the classification algorithm, that we have argued their goodness through correlation tests. Second, for training our algorithm, data from road controlled sections, corresponding to existing speed cameras, is exploited. Each section class reflects the contribution level of the ASE system (good, neutral, or bad) to road safety. Third, as a proofof-concept, the framework has been implemented and deployed on the Moroccan road network. The results showed that Random Forest classifier is the best performing model attaining an accuracy of 95% and a precision of 88%. Further, a tool was developed to visualize updated classification results on a Moroccan road network map to support authorities in their decision making process.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
(The data was calculated based on Google Scholar Citations)
Google-based Impact Factor (2018): 18.20
h-index (January 2018): 23
i10-index (January 2018): 90
h5-index (January 2018): 11
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